Social Capital is one of the 4 returns of landscape restoration as defined in the 4 returns framework. But what is social capital? Is a landscape defined by its social systems? And how can we measure social progress?

This short article dives into research on the concept of social capital, providing answers to the why, how, and what of considering social capital in a landscape restoration approach.

This tool is part of the 4 Returns impact framework. You can find the 4 Returns ‘impact in practice’ guidebook and related tools here.